Lepiota castanea Quél. syn. L. ignipes Locquin Kastanienbrauner Lépiote Châtaine Shirmpilz Chestnut Dapperling. Cap 2–4cm across, umbonate, bay to chestnut brown, soon breaking into small granular scales which are formed of minute tufts of hairs. Stem 25–35 x 2–4mm, concolorous with cap and finely brown scaly below; ring zone inconspicuous. Flesh white in cap, brownish in stem. Smell strong and fungusy. Gills whitish, browning with age. Cheilocystidia numerous, thin-walled, subcylindric or clavate, hyaline, 30–47 x 5–8um. Spore print white. Spores bullet-shaped, dextrinoid, 9–13 x 3.5–5um. Hairs of cap scales thin-walled, elongated, obtuse, septate, brown. Habitat in deciduous and coniferous woods. Season autumn. Uncommon. Edibility unknown -avoid. Found In Europe. Note Lepiota ignipes syn. L. rufidula has larger spores and is usually brighter coloured, often in coniferous plantations.